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Accession number 1990.44.0001
Caption Separator, Cream
Cataloged by Clayton, Pete
Description DeLaval Junior #2 Cream Separator
The first cream separators sold by the DeLaval Separator Company in the United States were large, power driven units suited for creameries rather than farm use. In 1887 DeLaval introduced a hand powered cream separator in the United States. In 1895 the company reported that 75,000 cream separators were in use around the world and it quickly grew from there. By 1909 there were one million DeLaval cream separators in use, by 1922 there were 2.5 million and the number had jumped to four million by 1928 and 6.5 million by 1942. Unfortunately many of these cream separators were recycled in the steel drives held during WWII.

DeLaval would have been considered the "Cadillac" of cream separators. They were the first and most common but also the most expensive. In the large creamery sizes they pretty much had a monopoly but with farm size machines the competition was fierce. In the popular press DeLaval was constantly battling competitors. On of the fiercest ad wars was with The Sharples Company, which made tubular separators. Tubular separators were easier to clean due to their design (but may not have separated the cream as close) and the supply tank was lower and easier to fill since they fed from the bottom. One mistake many dairymen made was that since cone style separators like the DeLaval were so hard to clean they often skipped cleaning. This was a serious problem as far as cream and butter quality and The Sharples Company exploited this in their advertisements. Their advertisements were often very mean spirited and negative toward DeLaval. DeLaval fought back in print but their ads tended to be more restrained and professional. DeLaval also faced stiff competition from the mail order houses like Sears, Roebuck and Company and Montgomery Wards. Many dairymen were enticed by the very low prices of these mail order separators. In 1906 DeLaval suggested this contraption for those dairymen that bought a cheaper cream separator and regretted it .
DeLaval also made bench model cream separators. Pictured above is a DeLaval Junior cream separator. The one pictured here was manufactured in 1950. It is a size 2 which was rated at 225 pounds per hour and could separate 5 gallons of milk in 10 minutes. It would have been the right size for a family with one or two cows. The number 2 had the supply can directly over the bowl. In 1942 the price for these small DeLaval Junior separators started at $27.25

The Junior also came in a size 3, 4 or 5 with ratings up to 500 pounds per hour. The larger sizes had an offset supply can. Click here for a picture of Junior size 4 with an offset supply can. It has a 1938 serial number stamped in the casting. This model was rated at 400 pounds per hour. A tall stand could be purchased to convert them into a floor model and they could be ordered with an electric motor instead of the crank.
Search Terms Farming,Tools
Hughes Family
Subjects Farming,Tools
Hughes Family